The history of Bamberg reaches back to 902, but really first begins in 1007, as Holy Roman Emperor Henry II (973-1024) made Bamberg his Bishopric and for a short while even the German capital of the Holy Roman Empire. Befitting its status, Bamberg was decorated with trusts, donations and clerical buildings of grandiose scale, above all the imperial cathedral. The mortal remains of Henry II and his queen, St. Cunigunde (Kunigunde) (975-1040), reside here, and here we also find the only papal grave.... [More about Bamberg]
Bamberg New Residence
Across from the Alte Hofhaltung (former bishops' administrative building) lies the New Residence, which escaped damage during the war. This is where the prince-bishops of Bamberg lived and resided until the dissolution of their Hochstift (land and holdings) in 1802. The exterior appearance of the two-winged building itself is imposing. The interior splendor reveals itself in over 40 magnificent rooms.
The New Residence was created in two building phases. In the first phase the tract at the back was erected under Prince-Bishop Johann Philipp von Gebsattel in 1602. This building was intended to be an extension of the Alte Hofhaltung. In 1695 Prince-Bishop Lothar Franz von Schönborn, a building enthusiast, had it rebuilt and created a prestigious Baroque palace according to the plans of the court architect Leonhard Dientzenhofer. The so-called Fourteen Holy Helpers Pavilion was added to the front face of the city wing between 1702 and 1704. In the interior of the Residence the residential and state rooms of the prince-bishops, with their original stucco ceilings, inlaid floors and over 500 pieces of precious 17th and 18th century furniture, convey the lasting impression of the need of the Bamberg bishops to display elegance and power. The showpiece of the Residence is the magnificently furnished "Imperial Hall", which is still used for events today.
The State Library is now housed in the Residence, along with a gallery and a museum.
Behind the Residence is the Rose Garden, laid out according to the designs of Balthasar Neumann and still essentially preserved in its original form. A café is located in the mid-18th century pavilion.
Neue Residenz Bamberg
Schloss- und Gartenverwaltung Bamberg
Telefon +49 (0) 9 51/ 5 19 39-0 und 5 19 39-114
Telefax +49 (0) 9 51/ 5 19 39-129
The romantic castle is perched on the highest of the seven Bamberg hills and commands a superb view of the city. It was first documented in 1109. Between 1305 and 1553 the original stronghold once used as a place of refuge became the residence of the prince-bishops of Bamberg. After its destruction in the 16th century, it was rebuilt in a makeshift fashion, but served only as a prison and fell increasingly into disrepair. In 1801 it was bought by A.F. Marcus, a Bamberg doctor, and completely restored. His friend E.T.A. Hoffmann was so enchanted by the castle that he stayed there for longer periods of time.
Today Altenburg Castle houses a restaurant. The outside complex with a wonderful view over Bamberg can be visited during the opening times of the restaurant.