The origins of the town stretch back to the Celts and the Romans, who built a fort here to secure the Limes. The Franks brought Christianity with them. At this time Wimpfen was a Frankish royal estate and the Merovingians probably built a fort to secure this important Neckar crossing. At the turn of the first millennium the Hungarians invaded the area and caused a lot of destruction in Wimpfen. The ruined first church from the time of the Franks was extensively rebuilt and became part of an influential.... [More about Bad Wimpfen]
Wimpfen Imperial Palace
Even from afar Bad Wimpfen amazes with its striking silhouette of the once biggest Imperial Palace north of the Alps. Up until now the keeps "Blue and Red Tower" (Museum of Staufian fortified tower), the Palatinate chapel (Museum of Church History), the arcades of the Staufian great hall and the stone house (Historical Museum) are preserved. At the moment the Blue Tower is closed due to restoration. The Red Tower is open to the public on weekends and bank holidays.
The Blue Tower, built around 1200, is the city landmark. The tower watchman traditon, probably the oldest in Germany, has continued for centuries up until today.
From 32 meters above one can enjoy a splendid view of the Neckar River valley and the Old Town, which is a listed site, or listen to the tower trumpets on Sundays at 12 am during the season.
In 1182 Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa's stay in Wimpfen is first mentioned and this year also sees the start of the history of the Imperial Palace, whose construction temporarily made Wimpfen the centre of "world politics" of the former empire. Both Barbarossa and other Staufer rulers were frequent guests in Wimpfen: respectively three stays of Emperor Friedrich II. and Kaiser Heinrich VI. as well as fifteen stays of King Heinrich (VII.) are represented.
Since the medieval empire did not know a capital and the kings had to move from palatinate to palatinate to dispense justice, Wimpfen was repeatedly Hofstadt- however this was always an economic burden for the population of the town.
After the fall of the Staufer at the end of the 13th century the Imperial Palace became less important. In 1320/22 a fire destroyed it largely.