Bayreuth was founded by the Andechs-Meranians and was first mentioned in 1194. When Margrave Christian from the House of Hohenzollern, moved his residency from Kulmbach-Plassenburg to Bayreuth in 1603, this started an epoch of the town's history which found its glittering fulfilment in the second half of the 18th century under the regency of Margrave couple Friedrich and Wilhelmine, the art-loving favourite sister of Frederick the Great (Friedrich der Grosse). In the period between 1735 and 1763.... [More about Bayreuth]
The Old Palace of Bayreuth
The four-wing structure goes back originally to the 13th century. A special feature is the staircase in the palace tower that can be ascended on horseback or used for the transportation of canons. In the palace church can be found the royal crypt containing the sarcophaguses of the Margrave Friedrich and Margravine Wilhelmine. The palace was redesigned in the 16th and 17th century; after damage suffered in World War II it was rebuilt in the 1950s.
Altes Schloss Bayreuth
The New Palace of Bayreuth - Former residence of the Margraves of Bayreuth.
Margrave Friedrich and the Prussian Princess Wilhelmine, sister of Frederick the Great, were the dominating figures in 18th century Bayreuth. The long three-storied building was built by the French master builder Joseph Saint-Pierre in 1753 and is one of the best example of the Bayreuth Rokoko. The particularly notable rooms of the Margravine's city residence are the Garden and Palm Room, Wilhelmine's Music Salon and the famous Cabinet of Fragmented Mirrors. On the ground floor can be found today the museum containing the Rummel Collection of Bayreuth Faience.
Neues Schloss Bayreuth
Schloss- und Gartenverwaltung Bayreuth-Eremitage
Telefon +49 (0) 9 21/ 7 59 69-0
Telefax +49 (0) 9 21/ 7 59 69-15
The historic park grounds outside the gates of the city once provided a summer retreat for courtly life. Margrave Georg Wilhelm erected the Old Palace with the inner grotto in 1715. From 1735 Margravine Wilhelmine converted it into a charming little summer palace. Her audience room, the Music Room, the Japanese Cabinet as well as the Chinese Mirror Cabinet are splendid examples of Rococo architecture. Joseph Saint-Pierre also built the semi-circular New Palace with the Temple of the Sun as well as the upper and lower grottos under the direction of Wilhelmine between 1749 and 1753. The Margravine, who was a theater buff, also had an artificial amphitheater ruin erected, in which she herself appeared along with the writer and philosopher Voltaire. A particular highlight of a tour of the palace is the interplay of water fountains in the grottos.
Altes Schloss Eremitage
Schloss- und Gartenverwaltung Bayreuth-Eremitage (Ludwigstraße 21)
Eremitage Haus Nr. 1
Telefon +49 (0) 921/ 7 59 69-0
Telefax +49 (0) 921/ 7 59 69-15