With its 11,300 inhabitants Rothenburg can perhaps boast that it is the best-known small town in Germany. A stroll along the narrow streets of the town is like leafing through a thick history book - just not as boring, as German history meets the visitor with every step. The origins of the town go back to the 10th century and you can still find gates, towers and giant walls from this period. In the Middle Ages Rothenburg ranked among the most powerful towns in the south of the region, but in the.... [More about Rothenburg ob der Tauber]
The origins of the city of Rothenburg date back to a castle, which was built around 970, high above the Tauber.
From the original castle only the castle gate from the 12th century, the oldest and highest gate tower of the city and the idyllic castle garden have survived. From there, you have a stunning view over the city silhouette and the Tauber Valley.
The castle was owned by the counts of Comburg-Rothenburg. By 1108 the Comburg-Rothenburg lineage had died out. The last member, Earl Heinrich von Rothenburg bequeathed the castle to the Comburg convent near Schwäbisch Hall. In 1116 it passed into the possession of the House of Hohenstaufen. Emperor Henry V gave the castle as a fief to his nephew, Duke Conrad of Swabia, who as Conrad III became King of Germany in 1137. He held court in Rothenburg, expanded the dukes’ castle by the so-called “front castle”, and the castle was decreed an imperial castle by him. The settlement east of the castle gate slowly developed into a town.
In 1356 the castle was destroyed by an earthquake. When it became clear that it was impossible to reconstruct the collapsed castle, the citizens of Rothenburg were granted permission by the Emperor Charles IV to use the stones to erect municipal buildings.Only the Blasius Chapel, also called the “High House of the Dukes", was rebuilt on the former spot of the castle complex between 1383 and 1390. Today it is a memorial place for the soldiers killed in the two world wars.
91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber